Guo Lan Ying (郭兰英, Guō Lán Yīng, born in 1929) is a noted Chinese operatic soprano best known for singing patriotic songs such as "My Motherland" (我的祖国,wǒ de zǔ guó) in 1956 and "Nan Ni bay"(南泥湾,Nán ní wān) in 1943.
She was born into a poor family in Ping Yao, central Shan Xi, and began studying Shan Xi Bang Zi, a form of local opera, at the age of six. She performed with the local theatrical troupe in Taiyuan, the provincial capital, at the age of 11. In the 1940s she majored in opera at North China United University and performed with the university's Song and Dance Troupe.
Following the Chinese Revolution she became the chief performer in the Song and Dance Theatre of the Central Conservatory of Music, Central Experimental Opera, and China Opera House. She played the leading roles in many new operas, including The White Haired Girl and The Marriage of Little Er Hei. In the 1960s she appeared in the film The East Is Red.
She was a member of the first generation of Chinese performing artists to train overseas. She visited the Soviet Union, Romania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Italy, Japan, and other nations.
She retired in 1982, continuing to teach at the China Conservatory of Music in Beijing. In 1986 she established the Guo Lanying Art School in Guang Dong province.